Motor vehicle collisions are the leading cause of unintentional injury death across all ages in BC. The majority of collisions involve injury to occupants but injury also occurs among pedestrians, cyclists and motorcyclists resulting in approximately 1.2 fatalities and 18 hospitalizations per day in BC. Impaired driving (alcohol, drugs or medications) and distracted driving (ex. mobile phone use) are risk factors for motor vehicle collisions which costs the BC healthcare system approximately $8.8 billion per year.1
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Quick Facts & Stats
- Human condition (ex. alcohol involved; drugs involved; extreme fatigue), followed by human action (ex. driving without due care; failing to signal; improper passing), are the leading contributing factors in motor vehicle-related deaths.
- Looking at all crash fatalities from 2001-2012, the contributing factors are alcohol at 26%, drugs at 6% and alcohol and drugs combined at 3%.2
- The majority of motor vehicle collisions involve injury to occupants, yet many motor vehicle-related injuries can occur among pedestrians, cyclists, and motorcyclists.
- In BC there are 1.2 motor vehicle fatalities and 18 motor vehicle injury-related hospitalizations per day.
- The age group with the highest number of deaths and hospitalizations due to motor vehicle collisions is those aged 20-24 years, particularly males.
- There are over 6500 motor vehicle-related hospitalizations per year, equating to almost 40,000 days in hospital.
- There are approximately 430 deaths due to motor vehicle crashes in BC each year.
- The age group with the greatest percentage of deaths are those aged 15-24 years, representing over 20% of motor vehicle crash deaths.
- There are approximately 35 deaths due to motorcycle collisions with other motor vehicles each year. Those aged 20-29 years are at greatest risk.
- There are approximately 66 deaths per year due to motor vehicle collisions with pedestrians each year. Those aged 75-84 years are at greatest risk.
- The age group with the greatest percentage of hospitalizations are those aged 15-24 years, representing 21% of deaths.
- There are approximately 730 motorcycle-related injuries that require hospitalization each year. Those aged 20-24 years are at greatest risk.
- There are approximately 640 injured pedestrians that require hospitalization each year. Those aged 15-19 years are at greatest risk.
- The social costs of motor vehicle collisions were estimated at $8.8 billion in 2007.3
- The total cost of transport incidents in 2004 was $306 million, with $95 cost per capita.4
- Total costs for all transport incidents in 2004 equated to $574 million ($261 million in direct costs; $313 million in indirect costs).5
Best Evidence Crash Prevention Strategies by Road User
Information & Resources
Cochrane Systematic Reviews on Transport Related Topics
Prevention of Traffic Crashes
- Alcohol and drug screening of occupational drivers for preventing injury
- Alcohol ignition interlock programmes for reducing drink driving recidivism
- Area-wide traffic calming for preventing traffic related injuries
- Graduated driver licensing for reducing motor vehicle crashes among young drivers
- Increased police patrols for preventing alcohol-impaired driving
- Organisational travel plans for improving health
- Post-licence driver education for the prevention of road traffic crashes
- Red-light cameras for the prevention of road traffic crashes
- School-based driver education for the prevention of traffic crashes
- Speed cameras for the prevention of road traffic injuries and deaths
- Street lighting for preventing road traffic injuries
Prevention of injuries to motor vehicle occupants
- Where the Rubber Meets the Road: Reducing the Impact of Motor Vehicle Crashes on Health and Well-being in BC
- Interventions for promoting booster seat use in four to eight year olds travelling in motor vehicles
Prevention of motorcycle-related injuries
- Helmets for preventing injury in motorcycle riders
- Motorcycle rider training for the prevention of road traffic crashes
Other Transport-Related Systematic Review
- What are the most effective ways of improving population health through transport interventions? Evidence from systematic reviews
- Effectiveness of primary enforcement safety belt laws and enhanced enforcement of safety belt laws: A summary of the Guide to Community Preventive Services systematic reviews
- The role of driver sleepiness in car crashes: a systematic review of epidemiological studies
- Injury and risk-taking behavior-a systematic review
How to Find Evidence-Based Materials Related to Transport-Related Research
DARE (Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects)
- Contain summaries of systematic reviews which have met strict quality criteria. Each summary also provides a critical commentary on the quality of the review.
DARE is available free of charge: https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/CRDWeb/
- Is an electronic publication which consists of a collection of evidence-based medicine databases, including the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR) are available free of charge: http://www.cochrane.org
TRIP (Turning Research into Practice)
- This database is available free of charge: http://www.tripdatabase.com
Transportation Research Board
- This transport specific database is available free of charge: http://www.trb.org/Main/Home.aspx
Campbell Collaboration Reviews of Interventions and Policy Evaluation
Community Guide Systematic Reviews of Motor Vehicle Crash Prevention
Resources: British Columbia
- BCAA – Road Safety
- Insurance Corporation of BC (ICBC) – Road Safety
- BC RCMP Traffic Services – Integrated Road Safety Unit (IRSU)
- Canadian Association of Road Safety Professionals (CARSP)
- Transport Canada – Road and Motor Vehicle Safety
- AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety (USA)
- Adelaide University Centre for Automotive Safety Research
- Australian Transport Safety Bureau
- CDC Global Road Safety
- CROW Information and Technology Centres for Transport and Infrastructure (Netherlands)
- DVR DeutscherVerkenrssichereitsrat Road Safety Institute (Germany)
- ITE Institute of Traffic Engineers (USA)
- International Transport Forum
- LET Laboratoire d’economie des transports (France)
- Monash University Accident Research Centre
- NHTSA National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (USA)
- SWOV Institute for Road Safety Research (Netherlands)
- TOI Institute for Transport Economics (Norway)
- TRB Transportation Research Board
- TRL Transport Research Laboratory
- US Department of Transport – Federal Highway Administration (USA)
- VTI Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute
- VTT Finland