Author: Raina

Strategies for prevention of soccer related injuries: a systematic review


Objectives: To examine evidence on the effectiveness of current injury prevention strategies in soccer, determine the applicability of the evidence to children and youth, and make recommendations on policy, programming, and future research. Methods: Standard systematic review methodology was modified and adopted for this review. Research questions and relevance criteria were developed a priori. Potentially relevant studies were located through electronic and hand searches. Articles were assessed for relevance and…

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Use of Medical Services by Methylphenidate-Treated Children in the General Population


Objective—To examine selected medical services for children treated for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in a general population setting with universal health insurance. Design—Retrospective analysis of administrative prescription and health services databases spanning from 1990 to 1996. Setting—British Columbia, Canada. Patients.—Children (<19 years of age) who had received the psychostimulant methylphenidate (MPH; Ritalin) on a chronic basis (chronic-MPH group), who had received MPH on any other basis (nonchronic-MPH group), and who were…

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Unintentional Fall-Related Injuries and Deaths Among Seniors in British Columbia: Trends, Patterns and Future Projections, 1987-2012


Fall-related injuries and deaths in older adults are a major public health problem in most contemporary western societies with aging populations (Carter, Kannus & Khan, 2001; Tinetti & Speechley, 1989). Approximately 30% of individuals over 65 years of age fall at least once a year (Campbell, Borrie, & Spears, 1989), and about half of these do so recurrently (Tinetti & Speechley, 1989). Given these statistics, and the changing age structure…

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Injury Surveillance Pilot Project: Evaluation Report


Injuries are costly to society and to the health care system. In 1993, the total economic burden to Canadians due to intentional and unintentional injury was 11.1 percent of the total costs of illness, or $14.3 billion (Health Canada, 1997). Only cardiovascular and musculoskeletal disease exceeded injury in total cost.

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Sports & Recreation Injury Prevention Strategies: Systematic Review And Best Practices


View executive summary (PDF) » Canadian children and youth spend a considerable amount of time participating in sports and recreation activities. On average, children between the ages of 5 and 12 years spend 18 hours on physical activity every week, while those between 13 and 17 years-of-age average 15 hours (CFLRI, 1998). Soccer, swimming, hockey and baseball are the most popular sports among active Canadian children. The benefits of sport…

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Effects of Neighbourhood, Family, and Child Behaviour on Childhood Injury in Canada


This study addresses three groups of questions relating to childhood injury in Canada: (1) Is the relationship between family functioning and childhood injuries mediated or modified by parenting or child behaviour? (2) Which is more strongly related to childhood injuries, family socioeconomic status (SES) or indicators of neighbourhood disadvantage? Do they modify the effect of each other? The interaction of these factors with family functioning, parenting or child behaviour is…

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Unintentional Injuries in British Columbia: Trends and Patterns Among Adults and Seniors, 1987-1998


View executive summary (PDF) » The injury literature shows that patterns of injury can be identified on the basis of age, gender, cause, social characteristics and geographic location (Rivara & Mueller, 1987). These patterns represent opportunities for prevention. For example, injuries have been found to be more common in lower income households, and people living in rural areas are at greater risk than their metropolitan counterparts. These patterns point to…

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