Road Safety Archives - Page 5 of 5 - BC Injury Research and Prevention Unit

Reports & Publications

The Effectiveness of Intervention Strategies to Reduce Motor Vehicle Crashes Involving Older Drivers: A Preliminary Report on the Systematic Review


The older driver population is continuing to increase and their increasing age is accompanied by cognitive and physical changes that may negatively affect their driving abilities. Older drivers tend to exhibit higher rates of motor vehicle crashes, similar to rates associated with young inexperienced drivers.

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Best Practices: Treatment and Rehabilitation for Driving While Impaired Offenders


The aim of this report is to bring together current knowledge on the planning and delivery of driving while impaired (DWI) remedial programs (i.e. education programs and treatment and rehabilitation programs). Although the magnitude of the drinking and driving problem in Canada has declined over the past two decades, it remains a significant cause of mortality and morbidity in this country. Less is known about the impact of driving impairment…

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Alcohol limit for drink driving should be much lower


For more than a century alcohol has been recognised as one of the principal risk factors for motor vehicle crashes. Nearly half of the roughly 35 000 fatal motor vehicle crashes in the United States each year are alcohol related, meaning that someone in the crash, usually a driver, is intoxicated. Currently, a blood alcohol concentration ranging from 0.08 to 0.10 mg per 100 ml constitutes prima facie evidence in…

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Traffic Law Enforcement and Safety


Donald Redelmeier and colleagues, emphasize the well known fact that extensive traffic law enforcement reduces the frequency of fatal motor vehicle crashes in countries with high rates of motor-vehicle use. However, crashes are also caused by other factors, including social, economic, and environmental factors. All such factors need to be controlled for in a study into traffic crashes. Link to journal article »

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Patterns of Motor Vehicle Traffic Injuries in British Columbia, 1995-1998


In 1995, Motor-vehicle traffic injuries (MVTI) represented 31 percent of all causes of death among Canadian males aged 15-19 years old, and 42 percent among Canadian females in the same age group (Health Canada, 2000). MVTI are the leading cause of death by injury in British Columbia among 0-24 years olds for both males and females (Soubhi, Raina et al., 1999). From 1987 to 1996, mortality rates involving MVTI for…

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Are Child Pedestrians at Increased Risk of Injury on One-way Compared to Two-Way Streets?


Objectives: To compare child pedestrian injury rates on one-way versus two-way streets in Hamilton, and examine whether the characteristics of child pedestrian injuries differ across street types. Methods: The rates of injury per child population, per kilometre, per year were calculated by age, sex and socioeconomic status (SES). Child, environment and driver characteristics were investigated by street type. Results: The injury rate was 2.5 times higher on one-way streets than…

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