Reports & Publications

Making Sense of Injury Data


Understanding and interpreting data is the process by which we make sense of data and such a process involves various ways of looking at the data. In this workshop, we examine one of the most prevalent ways of looking at injury data, using examples from injury mortality and hospitalization data in British Columbia.

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Effects of Neighbourhood, Family, and Child Behaviour on Childhood Injury in Canada


This study addresses three groups of questions relating to childhood injury in Canada: (1) Is the relationship between family functioning and childhood injuries mediated or modified by parenting or child behaviour? (2) Which is more strongly related to childhood injuries, family socioeconomic status (SES) or indicators of neighbourhood disadvantage? Do they modify the effect of each other? The interaction of these factors with family functioning, parenting or child behaviour is…

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Unintentional Injuries in British Columbia: Trends and Patterns Among Adults and Seniors, 1987-1998


View executive summary (PDF) » The injury literature shows that patterns of injury can be identified on the basis of age, gender, cause, social characteristics and geographic location (Rivara & Mueller, 1987). These patterns represent opportunities for prevention. For example, injuries have been found to be more common in lower income households, and people living in rural areas are at greater risk than their metropolitan counterparts. These patterns point to…

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Patterns of Health Care Use of Injured and Non-injured Children


This study examines associations between maternal reports of childhood injuries during the last 12 months and visits to medical practitioners by age group and gender of the child. In our models we include factors that have been shown to influence both injuries and health service use including gender of the child as well as family socio-demographic indicators such as marital status, household income, house- hold size, and maternal levels of education.

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Patterns of Motor Vehicle Traffic Injuries in British Columbia, 1995-1998


In 1995, Motor-vehicle traffic injuries (MVTI) represented 31 percent of all causes of death among Canadian males aged 15-19 years old, and 42 percent among Canadian females in the same age group (Health Canada, 2000). MVTI are the leading cause of death by injury in British Columbia among 0-24 years olds for both males and females (Soubhi, Raina et al., 1999). From 1987 to 1996, mortality rates involving MVTI for…

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Are Child Pedestrians at Increased Risk of Injury on One-way Compared to Two-Way Streets?


Objectives: To compare child pedestrian injury rates on one-way versus two-way streets in Hamilton, and examine whether the characteristics of child pedestrian injuries differ across street types. Methods: The rates of injury per child population, per kilometre, per year were calculated by age, sex and socioeconomic status (SES). Child, environment and driver characteristics were investigated by street type. Results: The injury rate was 2.5 times higher on one-way streets than…

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A Canadian Picture of Maternal Reports of Childhood Injuries


This study examines gender and age differences in maternal reports of childhood injuries in a cross-sectional group of children aged 0-11 years. The cause, nature, body part injured, and location of injury are explored, as are the associations with family socio-economic indicators and associations with limitations in activities. In addition, we report patterns of healthcare use for injured and non-injured children by examining contacts with a variety of medical healthcare…

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Patterns of self-reported health care use in injured and uninjured older adults


There is little research on self-reported injuries in older adults. The impact of injury includes costs and services which go beyond the scope of results from hospital-based studies: for example, those recovering from an injury may require treatment from several health care providers outside hospital. Mild to moderately severe injuries can be a concern to older adults: two-thirds of those aged 65 and over report feeling restricted int heir activities…

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