Sports & Recreation Injury Prevention Strategies: Systematic Review And Best Practices


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Canadian children and youth spend a considerable amount of time participating in sports and recreation activities. On average, children between the ages of 5 and 12 years spend 18 hours on physical activity every week, while those between 13 and 17 years-of-age average 15 hours (CFLRI, 1998). Soccer, swimming, hockey and baseball are the most popular sports among active Canadian children. The benefits of sport and recreational activity for children and youth are numerous, including physical fitness, motor skill acquisition, improved self-esteem and the development of teamwork and leadership skills.

The goal of this project had three components: to examine existing evidence on the effectiveness of current prevention strategies in selected sports and recreational activities; to determine the applicability of this evidence to children and youth and to the Canadian setting; and to make recommendations related to best practice (policy and programming) and future research needs in this area. The specific objectives were to:

  1. Describe the evidence and quality of evidence on the effectiveness of strategies used to prevent injury during sports and recreational activities.
  2. Develop and widely disseminate two reports – a Technical Report describing the review methods used, the results of the synthesis of evidence and a series of recommendations
  3. related to future research and best practice, and a Best Practices Guide providing evidencebased
  4. practice and policy recommendations for those involved in or responsible for ensuring
  5. safe participation in the selected sports and recreational activities.
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